Teaching and networking events held before the conference.
Saturday, 28th – Sunday, 29th August 2021


AGH University of Science and Technology (Akademia
Górniczo-Hutnicza), al. Adama Mickiewicza 30, Krakow, building A-0
University of Warsaw, ul. Żwirki i Wigury 93, Warsaw


1. Inclusions in metamorphic minerals: windows into the past

LEADERS: Dr. Matteo Alvaro (University of Pavia, Italy), Ross Angel (Istituto di Geoscienze e Georisorse, Italy), Dr. Silvio Ferrero (University of Potsdam, Germany), Prof. Jaroslaw Majka (Uppsala University, Sweden and AGH-UST, Poland)

DATE: Saturday, 28th – Sunday, 29th August 2021
PARTICIPANTS: min. 25 – max. 50
PLACE: AGH University of Science and Technology, Krakow, Poland, building A-0
DURATION: 9.00 a.m – 4.00 p.m
break for lunch (included in price): 12.00 – 13.00


Fluid, melt and crystalline inclusions in minerals are windows into the past, holding clues which can be used to unravel metamorphic and igneous processes over a wide range of conditions, e.g. from deep mantle to shallow magma chambers. In particular, mineral inclusions have been providing for decades constraints on host crystal formation, in some cases deeply revolutionizing our understanding of planetary evolution, for example as result of the finding of diamonds and UHP minerals in rocks of crustal affinity. More recently new models of elastic behaviour for the host-inclusion system paved the way for alternative, equilibrium-independent geobarometry. Moreover, inclusions may sample portions of fluids and melts responsible for material transfer in the Earth system over an extremely wide range of geological settings, offering the possibility to investigate deep fluids and melts.

The modules of this two day workshop will focus on:
-mineral inclusions and their petrogenetic significance;
-measuring strain and stress states of inclusions, and how to use this information to determine formation conditions of host-inclusion systems;
-identification, characterization and interpretation of fluid and melt inclusions in metamorphic rocks.

Each module will include a practical session.


2. Seismometamorphism – a new research avenue in Earth Sciences

LEADER: prof. Håkon Olaf Austrheim (Oslo University, Norway)

DATE: Sunday, 29th August 2021
PLACE: AGH University of Science and Technology, Krakow, Poland, building A-0
DURATION: 9.00 a.m – 4.00 p.m
break for lunch (included in price): 12.00 – 13.00

The realization that earthquakes occur in parts of the lithosphere where high grade metamorphism takes place poses the question of how metamorphism and seismicity interact and in particular how existing minerals deform and new minerals form. We will address this through a couple of lectures and by studying thin sections mainly from the Bergen Arcs and Western Gneiss region of Norway.

Topics to be addressed:
Pseudotachylytes – evidence for seismicity.
Syn-earthquake fluid-infiltration.
Mineralogy and textures in pseudotachylytes and their wall rock.
Deformation/fragmentation of anhydrous minerals: garnet, olivine, clinopyroxene, plagioclase.
Deformation of volatile bearing minerals: S-scapolite.
Reaction textures (coronas) induced/enhanced by seismicity.
Geochronology and seismic deformation – fragmentation of zircons.

Corona texture composed of a core of deformed olivine (ol) surrounded by orthopyoxene (opx), dendritic garnet (grt) and fractured plagioclase (plg). The reaction is induced/enhanced by the transecting pseudotachylyte vein filled with garnet, amphibole (amph) and orthopyroxene. Note how orthopyroxene forms on fractures in olivine.


3. Workshop on low temperature geochemical modelling using PHREEQC

LEADERS: Prof. Mark Tyrer (Coventry University), Prof. Andy Watson (Coventry University), Dr Andy West (Coventry University)

DATE: Sunday, 29th August 2021
PARTICIPANTS: min. 25 – max. 50
PLACE: AGH University of Science and Technology, Krakow, Poland, building A-0
DURATION: 9.00 a.m – 4.00 p.m
break for lunch (included in price): 12.00 – 13.00

This introductory workshop introduces new users to modelling the interaction of minerals with their pore solutions, by simulating thermodynamic equilibrium using the code PHREEQC.
The workshop assumes no previous experience of thermodynamic modelling and aims to equip new users with the ability to make good use of the many training resources available on the web. Although PHREEQC is an excellent code and has very good documentation, many users feel their initial progress could be helped with some guidance. This course is intended to take new users through a number of exercises which will build confidence and understanding. A number of training resources will be highlighted which should enable course participants to undertake more advanced simulations with confidence after the course.
The initial presentation outlines the theoretical basis of the modelling methods using worked examples of reactions between solid phases and a solution at thermodynamic equilibrium. The major part of the training course is concerned specifically with mineral and solution chemistry and examines how the user can simulate the following phenomena and types of reaction:

Speciation of a solution and the predicted properties of a solution
Temperature dependence
Precipitation-dissolution reactions
Acid-base reactions
Redox processes
Gas-liquid reactions

At this stage, examples of complex, multi-component problems will be examined and a few ‘tricks of the trade’ will be demonstrated such as simulating the amount of a reaction required to reach a phase boundary, how to read external solution descriptions from a spreadsheet and how to fix (and vary) the pH of simulations to examine how speciation is affected by changes in acidity.
Later in the workshop, we will examine how the geochemistry of ideal and non-ideal solid solutions can be simulated. This is important in natural systems as many minerals do not exist as pure stoichiometric solids in nature.
The session concludes by reviewing some of the many resources available to PHREEQC users on the web. This includes data sources, coupled chemical transport calculations using PHREEQC, the use of PHREEQC in chemical simulators for predominance area calculations and introduces a web-based version of the code.

Participants are encouraged to bring their own laptops and a list of resources to download and install will be circulated in advance of the workshop.


4. Tackling the issues of quantitative x-ray spectrometry: the Precise, the Inaccurate and the Artificial

The organizing committee does not manage any transportation or accommodation during the workshop number 4 in Warsaw.

LEADERS: Prof. Bogusław Bagiński (University of Warsaw), Dr. Petras Jokubauskas (University of Warsaw)

DATE: Saturday, 28th August 2021
PARTICIPANTS: min. 12 – max. 14
PLACE: University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland, Laboratory of Microanalysis and Department of Geochemistry Mineralogy and Petrology
DURATION: 9.00 a.m – 4.00 p.m
break for lunch (included in price): 12.00 – 13.00

This is a workshop at advanced level. All attending X-ray cowboys are expected to have at least basic knowledge or experience of SEM/ EPMA and x-ray microanalysis techniques.

The workshop tackles the advanced issues of quantitative x-ray microanalysis techniques of SEM and EPMA (WDS and EDS) applied for challenging analytical situations. The preliminary plan is to have a set of oral presentations followed by practical demonstrations on real instruments with real minerals. The emphasis will be on REE-bearing minerals (xenotime, fergusonite, chevkinite), but most techniques are applicable to other complicate mineral phases built from elements of subsequent atomic numbers (Mn-Zn, Ru-Cd, Sr-Nb, Hf-Hg, … peculiarities common in the ore geology domain).

The main topics:
• What is a good element standard, how precision determination works (or does not work) on EPMA? (→How to get good precision?)
• Advanced overlap correction techniques (→ overcoming the bad inaccuracies and artifacts)
• Realistic countermeasures for secondary Fluorescence (→ dealing with the ugly artifact which is often overlooked)